For example, a primary source would be a journal article where scientists describe their research on the genetics of tobacco plants. A secondary source contains commentary on or discussion about a primary source. A tertiary source presents summaries or condensed versions of materials, usually with references back to the primary and/or secondary sources. The Library of Congress refers to them as the "raw materials of history — original documents and objects which were created at the time under study. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results. Secondary sources are not evidence, but rather commentary on and discussion of evidence. In order to submit a comment to this post, please write this code along with your comment: 20de13f93b2c58291f7c69370c8da45f, The Difference Between Primary and Secondary Sources, how do i make my family history more accurate, what is the difference between primary and secondary sources, what's the difference between primary and secondary sources, County Silgo Heritage and Genealogy Center website, Photography Tips: Capturing Photos Indoor & Outdoor, How to Make a Successful Family History Book, Tell Your Story: Vacation/Adventure Photo Books - MyCanvas, Interviews (including audio and video recordings), Courthouse records (including deeds, will probates, birth or death records, baptism or marriage records.). These are where the results of original research are usually first published in the sciences. Editors then review and organize the material before publication. A source is either a primary, secondary, or tertiary material type depending on when it was created and its purpose and scope. Examples include a history book, literature criticism, subject encyclopedias, and articles that review existing research. I'm confused Once you’ve found your history, be sure to record it with‘s free software, which includes custom family history templates. This guide will introduce students to three types of resources or sources of information: primary, secondary, and tertiary. Primary sources allow researchers to get as close as possible to original ideas, events, and empirical research as possible. A secondary source may also be a primary source depending on how it is used. They are interpretations and evaluations of primary sources. It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. They keep record of, or evaluate primary sources. Examples include: For more explanation about what facts each of these documents can provide for you, see the County Silgo Heritage and Genealogy Center website to help you increase the effectiveness of your research. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Library One Washington Square | San José, CA 95192-0028 | 408-808-2000. These items differ across various disciplines. Primary sources have not been critiqued, analyzed, or altered. In the humanities and social sciences, primary sources are the direct evidence or first-hand accounts of events without secondary analysis or interpretation. They can be a good place to look up facts or get a general overview of a subject, but they rarely contain original material. Primary sources vary by discipline and can include historical and legal documents, eye witness accounts, results of an experiment, statistical data, pieces of creative writing, and art objects. it can be from the person who saw it or the person who did the original research. A primary source is a source that has direct knowledge of the idea. Secondary sources include comments on, interpretations of, or discussions about the original material. The difference between primary sources and secondary is that secondary sources provide interpretations or analysis of the primary source. Primary sources are firsthand documents that provide direct evidence on your topic. You can think of secondary sources as second-hand information. A primary source is a work that was created or written contemporary with the period or subject being studied. They are usually the first formal appearance of results in physical, print or electronic format and present original thinking, report a discovery, or share new information. Primary sources are original documents/resources that offer the closest picture to the idea or event as possible. Secondary source materials can be articles in newspapers or popular magazines, book or movie reviews, or articles found in scholarly journals that evaluate or criticize someone else's original research. Time is a defining element. A tertiary source presents summaries or condensed versions of materials, usually with references back to the primary and/or secondary sources.