Angola, Mozambic, So Tom e Principe, Macau, East Timor, Portugal etc. This endings will determine how a verb must be conjugated, especially when they are regular. Gramática do Português antigo. We have verbs that end in -ar (e.g. The first-person singular corro has [o] in the stressed vowel, while other forms corres, corre, correm have [ɔ]. There are also irregular verbs in Portuguese, like "dar", "fazer", "ir", which modify even their root, during conjugation. Conjugation is demonstrated here with the important irregular verb fazer "to do". In the present tense, the stress fluctuates between the root and the termination. Lisboa. To conjugate a Portuguese verb, enter its infinitive (e.g "querer", "achar") or a conjugated form like "acho", "esteve" or "querido". Portuguese verbs display a high degree of inflection. For example, in the verb comer, all of the forms como, comes, come, comem have /o/ in Brazil, but not in Portugal. belonging to the conjugation group of verbs ending in -ar. The periphrastic forms are as follows (escrever, "to write"): The five non-finite forms generally correspond to: For the Portuguese personal pronouns (which are omitted whenever they can be inferred from the ending of the conjugated verb or the context), see Portuguese personal pronouns and possessives. Huber, Joseph. falar), verbs that end in -er (e.g. Conjugate verbs in English, French, Spanish, German, Italian, Hebrew, Russian, Arabic, Japanese, Portuguese with Reverso Conjugator. Cunha, Celso. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Portuguese personal pronouns and possessives, Wikibooks: Variation of the Portuguese Verbs, "Portuguese Pronouns and Other Forms of Address, from the Past into the Future — Structural, Semantic and Pragmatic Reflections", Conjugation paradigm for Portuguese regular verbs, Verb ConjugationTrainer by Tudo Bem Portuguese, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portuguese_verb_conjugation&oldid=990702466, Articles lacking sources from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, For a list of words relating to Portuguese verbs, see the, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 01:08. Portuguese conjugation tables are based on several models. Other vowels (u, i) and nasalized vowels (before closed syllables) stay unchanged, as well as the verbs with the diphthongs -ei, -eu, -oi, -ou; they always keep a closed-mid pronunciation; e.g. To conjugate a regular verb in Portuguese, you have to add to the verb root different terminations upon person, mood, tense. Romance language, proceeding from You can click on the corresponding section to learn more. There are few irregular verbs for these tenses (only dizer, fazer, trazer, and their compounds – also haver, ter, ser, ir, pôr, estar, etc. comer) and verbs that end in -ir (e.g. The Portuguese Conjugator recognizes also reflexive forms like "ver-se". northeastern Brazilian dialects) likely to present an open form /ɔ/ or /ɛ/. At times, the difference is not particularly clear, producing [o̞], [e̞], particularly in transition zones like the states of Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais and the Brazilian Federal District, unless vowel harmony is involved (e.g. They may be imaginary verbs, they may contain spelling mistakes or be buzz verbs, not yet aggregated to our conjugation tables like “googlar”, “linkar” or “escanear”. ©2020 Reverso-Softissimo. expor-se, represar, nostalgizar, zortar, sarapantar, gondolar, entisnar, acadar, escobilhar, desencolerizar, fundar, pasmacear, avelutar, causar, ensopar, estremudar, englobular, clisterizar, balbuciar, bostar, absumir, recativar, intervalar, extraviar, embochechar, coadquirir, imantar, dormitar, engeiar, bacorejar, arrochar, reencarcerar, impulsionar, entijolar, redomonear, decair, sobremontar… Conjugation is demonstrated here with the important irregular verb fazer "to do". Alternation in stem-stressed forms is blocked in Brazil when a nasal consonant (/m/, /n/ or /ɲ/) follows, in which case the higher alternant (i.e. compounds have distinct endings. deixo /ej/ (deixar), endeuso /ew/ (endeusar), açoito /oj/ (açoitar), roubo /ow/ (roubar), etc. other particularities of the Portuguese verbs, Online spelling and grammar check for French texts, Online spelling and grammar check for English texts, Free: Learn English, French and other languages, Fleex: improve your English with your favorite videos. The following irregular verbs are used as auxiliary verbs in various periphrastic constructions. Gramática da Língua Portuguesa. Dicionário de verbos portugueses conjugados, Dicionário prático de conjugação dos verbos da língua portuguesa, Nova Gramática do Português Contemporâneo, Support the free Verbix verb conjugation services. Regular verbs belong to one of three conjugation classes, distinguished by the ending of their infinitive forms (which is also their citation form): The verb pôr is conventionally placed in the second conjugation by many authors, since it is derived from Old Portuguese poer (Latin ponere). To conjugate a Portuguese verb, enter its infinitive (e.g "querer", "achar") or a conjugated form like "acho", "esteve" or "querido". the Latin language. The Portuguese names of the tenses (tempos) and moods (modos) are given along with their English translations. The conjugator allows you to conjugate any verb as long as it corresponds to an existing conjugation model. Classes with an asterisk are entirely periphrastic. /ɐ/, /e/ or /o/) is used in all forms. Example: Consider the conjugation of correr (analogous to comer, presented above) in the Indicative Present Simple. comove "move, touch (emotionally)" [kɔˈmɔvi]). pôr 'put' and its The Portuguese names of the tenses (tempos) and moods (modos) are given along with their English translations. Recently Conjugated Verbs. The affirmative imperative for second person pronouns tu and vós is obtained from the present indicative, by deletion of the final -s (in some cases, an accent mark must be added to the vowel which precedes it). Tradução de Maria Manuela Gouveia Delille. A typical regular verb has over fifty different forms, expressing up to six different grammatical tenses and three moods. The pluperfect and the future of the indicative mood, as well as the conditional form, are often replaced with other verbal constructions or verbal periphrases in the spoken language. This also has repercussions in the imperative and present subjunctive, for their inflections are constructed from the indicative present simple and indicative present simple in the 1st singular person respectively. Some of the Portuguese characters don't exist in the English alphabet. Verb conjugations in Portuguese The first thing you need to know is that there are three types of verb conjugations in Portuguese. – for the subjunctive future imperfect). In Brazil, the following difference applies: Stem-unstressed forms consistently have /o/ or /e/ for most speakers in most verbs, but there are exceptions, with some dialects (e.g. Translate, conjugate, spellcheck in one click, from your browser. To conjugate a regular verb in Portuguese, you have to add to the verb root different terminations upon person, mood, tense. Two forms are peculiar to Portuguese within the Romance languages: Portuguese verbs have the following properties. partir). The passive voice can be constructed in two different ways. Most of the Portuguese verbs end in one of the three terminations: - er, - ar or -ir and follow conjugation rules specific to each group of verbs. After you have learnt the rules for the regular verbs in Portuguese, you should also try to tackle some of the irregular Portuguese verbs that are on this list. Use the resources below to find out more the verbs conjugation in Portugal vs. Brazil and other particularities of the Portuguese verbs. For other persons, and for negative clauses, the present subjunctive takes the role of imperative. There are also irregular verbs in Portuguese, like "dar", "fazer", "ir", which modify even their root, during conjugation. If you can't input them here - try the following: Portuguese verbs are divided into three conjugation groups according to the Vazquez Cuesta, Pilar – Mendes da Luz, Maria Albertina. There are round 1000 irregular verbs in Portuguese. All rights reserved. Portuguese is spoken by 180 million people in Brazil, In addition the verb