Why do you think it should be? The future has two main forms in Spanish, the imperfect (compound) future and the simple one. rev 2020.11.24.38066, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top, Linguistics Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled, Start here for a quick overview of the site, Detailed answers to any questions you might have, Discuss the workings and policies of this site, Learn more about Stack Overflow the company, Learn more about hiring developers or posting ads with us, So can we say that the Perfect Imperative in Greek is similar to the. (quoted from this page). The answer is: no, that is not an exception. So I'm wondering: what other languages have Imperative Perfect, and what is the meaning of this mood-tense combination, generally speaking and also in particular in Greek? In Russian there are only three verb tenses: present, past and future. The Spanish conditional, although semantically expressing the dependency of one action or proposition on another, is generally considered indicative in mood, because, syntactically, it can appear in an independent clause. The first person plural refers to the speaker together with at least one other person. Why were there only 531 electoral votes in the US Presidential Election 2016? Was the theory of special relativity sparked by a dream about cows being electrocuted? Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. In Spanish, these would be in the imperfect, optionally with the auxiliary verb soler. Examples include pedir ("to ask for"; e.g., pide ["he/she asks for"]), competir ("to compete"; e.g., compite ["he/she competes"]), and derretirse ("to melt"; e.g., se derrite ["it melts"]). Why `bm` uparrow gives extra white space while `bm` downarrow does not? Haber changes its form for person, number, and the like, while the past participle remains invariable, ending with -o regardless of the number or gender of the subject. I've already talked about several language concepts which seem to give English-speakers trouble when learning a foreign language, but there are still more to discuss! )Unlike most other tense–aspect category oppositions, it is typical for a language not to choose either perfective or imperfective as being generally marked and the other as being generally unmarked. Generally, whenever the present perfect ("I have done") is used in English, the perfect is also used in Spanish. Want to see my favorite language resources and courses? Mood: indicative, subjunctive, or imperative; Aspect: perfective or imperfective (distinguished only in the past tense as preterite and imperfect) Voice: active or passive; The modern Spanish verb paradigm (conjugation) has 16 distinct complete forms (tenses), i.e. Now we will be taking a closer look at each of the verb form. Why is the concept of injective functions difficult for my students? Note: Estar hambriento is a literal translation of "To be hungry", but it is rarely used in Spanish nowadays. The choice between present subjunctive and imperfect subjunctive is determined by the tense of the main verb of the sentence. In French, the Past Imperative (impératif passé) is used only to describe something that should have been done by a certain time (I think it is used in sentences of 'it-should-have-been-done-by-yesterday style): Have this report written by tomorrow. If it wasnt so late we would still have time to visit the aquarium in the evening. You can understand this in some examples: When you see some factual expressions or statements then you can understand the perspective of the speaker. Mentor added his name as the author and changed the series of authors into alphabetical order, effectively putting my name at the last. Verbal aspect marks whether an action is completed (perfect), a completed whole (perfective), or not yet completed (imperfective). Examples include pensar ("to think"; e.g., pienso ["I think"]), sentarse ("to sit"; e.g., me siento ["I sit"]), empezar ("to begin"; e.g., empiezo ["I begin"]), volver ("to return"; e.g., vuelvo ["I return"]), and acostarse ("to go to bed"; e.g., me acuesto ["I go to bed"]). In both languages, there are dialectal variations. In older classifications, the conditional tenses were considered part of an independent conditional mood. These verbs are often irregular in other forms as well. Thanks for contributing an answer to Russian Language Stack Exchange! Forming an imperative mood by using other grammatical moods or aspects across the languages. In Spanish, this would be in the preterite (or alternatively in the perfect, if the event has only just happened). There is a tendency in Spanish to use the perfect even for this type of time reference, even though the preterite is possible and seems more logical. Consider, for example, the phrase "the sun shone" in the following contexts: In the first two, it is clear that the shining refers to the background to the events that are about to unfold in the story. The ending of the infinitive is the basis of the names given in English to the three classes of Spanish verbs: Although in English grammar the gerund refers to the -ing form of the verb used as a noun, in Spanish the term refers to a verb form that behaves more like an adverb. It is also important to add that the perfective imperative sounds quite rude in some verbs because it is focused on obtaining a result. Note that since the preterite by nature refers to an event seen as having a beginning and an end, and not as a context, the use of the continuous form of the verb only adds a feeling for the length of time spent on the action. You would easily be able to spot the conditional mood whenever you see an auxiliary verb. With English Grammar, you can denote the moods with a tone of a verb in a sentence which would be so intentional of the writers or speakers mood and what they wish to convey with it. The action starts and ends with this sentence. It may be in the past, present, or future. makes a lot of sense from a Slavic point of view: urgent, emotionally intensified command, and/or a reference to a one-time action). In the present perfect, the present indicative of haber is used as an auxiliary, and it is followed by the past participle of the main verb.