Like most types of lettuce, frisee is commonly used in salads, specifically sweet dressings that give its bitter flavor the right balance. Buy 'Flashy Trout Back' Seeds (Territorial Seeds). By the 15th century, different varieties of lettuce were being cultivated in different parts of the world. ‘Drunken Woman Frizzy Headed’ (Open Pollinated, 55 days) has pale green crinkled leaves tinged with rose or red (rose colors when grown in partial shade, red in sun). These are the standard Iceberg lettuces, prized for their disease resistance and ability to stand against summer heat without turning bitter, and known for their insipid, watery crunch. Some of the other names by which tatsoi goes by are “rosette pakchoi”, “broadbeaked mustard”, “spinach mustard”, “spoon mustard”, and “tat choy”. Also known as “rocket”, arugula comprises dark green leaves that have a peppery taste to it. Also called Cos lettuce, it has been cultivated for more than 5000 years. Regardless of where you plant it, don’t forget to water it daily. It requires extra care when cleaning since sand and grit tend to gather in the nub of roots holding each rosette together. Look for mixes that contain young, sweet leaves from a variety of tender lettuces—maybe a bit of curly endive for texture, some peppery watercress or arugula for bite, and a few herbs. So if you are looking to add a burst of color to your vegetable garden, this is the one. Traditionally, it serves as a great topping for pizzas, pasta, soups, and stews. Wild-harvested arugula is the most pungent; look for it at farmers markets and local foods co-ops.  |   15 Types of Steak to Make for Dinner Tonight, 15 Types of Cake for All Your Baking Needs, Different Types of Bread, From Baguettes to Wheat, 10 Different Flour Types to Use in Your Baking. We receive a commission on seed orders you place to this company (the commission comes from the company, so you pay the same whether you click on our link or order directly from the company). Studies show that this peppery green vegetable is full of vitamin K. In addition to vitamin K, this nutrient-dense vegetable also contains protein, fat, fiber, calcium, as well as vitamin A, and C. Research shows that watercress contains certain compounds that lower the risk of developing breast cancer. The tender leaves and sweet ribs can grow back again after harvesting. They offer a strong flavor that pairs especially well with vinegary dressings. Butter lettuce has a tender texture and large, cupped leaves that work beautifully in salads, especially with delicately flavored dressings such as buttermilk dill salad dressing or in asparagus butter lettuce salad. They make excellent salads and work with a wide range of dressings. Mesclun means "mixed" in Provencal and is traditionally composed of several varieties of wild-harvested, young greens. The thick succulent stems are tender and juicy, and that’s what makes it stand apart. Lettuce was first cultivated in ancient Egypt for the production of oil from its seeds. Chefs and. Lettuce Types for the Garden. This will be enough for a row of frisee to rise, yielding up to 7 heads. It is also packed with iron, calcium, powerful antioxidants, and vitamins like vitamin A, C, K. Belonging to the family of Amaranthaceae, spinach is an edible plant that is native to central and western Asia. A beautiful, succulent leaf lettuce that's slow to bolt. Chinese Lettuces are stiff, strong-flavored varieties. This plant was probably selectively bred by the Egyptians into a plant grown for its edible leaves, with evidence of its cultivation appearing as early as 2680 BC. Dress with a bit of ranch for something the whole family will love.  |   Growing Lettuce. Larger leaves can be torn into bite-sized pieces when cleaning. ‘Buttercrunch’ (Open Pollinated, 48 days) forms tight, compact green heads of fan-shaped leaves. A staple in North American cuisines, tatsoi is an Asian variety of Brassica rapa. Commissions help pay for maintaining and updating this web site. Looseleaf Lettuces are colorful, easy, and fast-growing lettuce varieties. Otherwise, this type of lettuce ends up turning mushy and slimy. Being heat tolerant, it can be planted in summer gardens and well as springs. They believed that doing so will help stimulate their digestion and improve their sleep quality after meals. Buy 'Green Oak Leaf' Seeds (Burpee Seeds). The leaves are sweet, large, and possess a buttery texture. It stays crisp and doesn't bolt (flower) and turn bitter as easily as other lettuces, so is a favorite with summer gardeners who want to keep themselves in lettuce all season long. Mizuna is an Asian variety of mustard greens. Slow to bolt and become bitter. The leaves can be long and spiked or shorter and more rounded, but they all share that dark green color. This versatile lettuce works well with all kinds of dressings and is a must-have veggie in salads. The regular use of romaine would prove to be nothing but great since this hearty lettuce is higher in water content and lower in calories. Ballade. The loose-leafed greens A.K.A collard greens belong to Acephala – a Greek word for “without a head” – group.