Another important contribution of sociologists is medicalization theory, which elucidates the social construction of mental illnesses with an examination of how deviant thoughts, feelings, and behaviors have been transformed into symptoms to be treated medically. While not all deviants are considered mentally ill, almost all mentally ill persons are considered deviant (since mental illness is not considered "normal"). Conflict is an unavoidable and necessary part of life. Finally, conflict theorists, combined with labeling theorists, believe that the people in a society with the fewest resources are the most likely to be labeled mentally ill. For instance, women, racial minorities, and the poor all suffer higher rates of mental illness than groups of higher social and economic status. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/HEALTHNUTRITIONANDPOPULATION/Resources/281627-1095698140167/MHinAfghanistan.pdf (accessed 17th Aug 2015). Similarly, conflict resolution, defined as the process, whether formal or informal, used by opposing parties to resolve a disagreement or dispute. Sociologists have two possible explanations for the link between social status and mental illness. However, people below the poverty level and those just above it have greater difficulty gaining access to medical care. The ‘rubber band’ model of mental health used by many aid organisations working off the principle that people would revert back to normal once they had the basic necessities such as food, water and shelter is just not viable nor sustainable (Baingana, Bannon, Thomas: 2005). ( Log Out /  WhatsApp: Paying for Medical Care in the United States, Holistic Medicine and Alternative Medicine, A.Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: The Social Construction of Illness, Social Implications of Advanced Medical Technology, Politics And Government in Global Perspective, THE ECONOMY AND WORK IN GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE, A Postmodernist Perspective: The Clinical Gaze, Sociological Perspectives on Health and Medicine, A Conflict Perspective: Inequalities in Health and Health Care. capitalism is implicated in both the rates of illness and how health care is delivered. They also inform us about the problems associated with health care becoming “big business.” However, some analysts believe that the conflict approach is unduly pessimistic about the gains that have been made in health status and longevity-gains that are at least partially due to large investments in research and treatment by the medical-industrial complex. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Terms of Use Further, research has consistently shown that middle- and upper-class persons are more likely to receive some form of psychotherapy for their mental illness. class, and gender as these statuses influence people’s access to health care. Indications show that there are ways to implement cost-effective programs across many different sectors with different approaches. This situation is exacerbated by cultural and religious beliefs. Poverty, unhappy marriages, physical and sexual abuse, the stresses of rearing children, and spending a lot of time doing housework all contribute to higher rates of mental illness for women. Based on the clear impact of conflict on mental health and the impact of mental health on individuals and society, targeted research needs to be done in order to inform mental health interventions in post conflict states. Baingana, F. Bannon, I. Thomas, R. (2005) ‘Mental Health and Conflicts: Conceptual Framework and Approaches’, World Bank Human Development Network. Studies have shown the more a person suffers trauma the more they are likely to suffer from mental health problems (Millar-Tate: 2015). One of the outstanding issues continually brought to light by many of the mental health articles was the lack of information on the evaluation of programs and that there were few population studies carried out in conflict areas and low income countries (The World Bank 2003). Theorists using a r dical conflict framework for their analysis believe that the only way to reduce inequalities in the U.S. health care structure is to eliminate capitalism or curb the medical-industrial complex. capitalism is implicated in both the rates of illness and how health care is delivered. – Ian Getty, Follow Security, Conflict and International Development (SCID) on WordPress.com, African Armies Governance: An expected transformation, Protected: Transitional Justice – Overview for Class (Conflict, Security and Development – Monash University), The Network of Cambridge Analytica & Trump, Drawing from Peacebuilding Policy to Address the Crisis of Populism. who live with mental illness, which often leads to conflict within families and other interpersonal relationships. Since diagnosis is challenging and proving results of treatment is more difficult most development interventions do not target mental health during post conflict reconstruction. Women and children are particularly vulnerable due to the changing face of conflict fought within states where antagonists flout humanitarian laws. In the profit-oriented capitalist economy, these individuals arc said to “jail between the cracks” in the health care system. pharmacies, laboratories, hospitals, supply manufacturers, insurance companies, and many other corporations derive excessive profits from the existing system of payment ill medicine. Estimates from the World Health Organisation state that 10% of individuals who experience a traumatic event such as conflict will suffer serious mental health problems and another 10% will develop behaviour, resulting in them being unable to function effectively. Among the issues of concern to contlict theorists arc the ability of all people to obtain health care; how race, class, and gender inequalities affect health and health care: power relationships between doctors and other health care workers; the dominance of the medical odel of health care; and the roll! ( Log Out /  Failure to address mental health issues post conflict will degrade efforts to promote post conflict reconstruction and will have an obvious impact on security and justice in post conflict peace building (Montgomery, Rondinelli: 2004).