These factors include public opinion, economic conditions, new scientific discoveries, technological change, interest groupsAssociations of individuals or of organizations that form to advance a common political, economic, or social agenda., nongovernmental organizationsAn organization that is not a private company and does not have formal affiliation or representation with government. She is based at the Massachusetts statehouse in Boston, where she writes about state government, the legislature and elections. The new Republican governor and a growing number of Republicans in the General Assembly have emboldened Kentucky’s Right to Life movement and bills that would restrict a woman’s access to abortion are moving. The most recent major funding package was approved seven years ago. Technologies that reduce the energy required to perform the same level of output. Public policies that address energy use and climate change in the United States and other nations impact all businesses but has specific and important impact on businesses focused on sustainability. Beyond the perennial questions of how much funding should be devoted to education (and more recent splits over how that funding should be divided between public and charter schools, as well as tax deductibility for some private tuition expenses) teacher salary and bonus problems have crept into the picture. Discuss how businesses, individually and collectively; citizen interest groups; and NGOs all have influence on this policy. State leaders are debating how to divvy up a sizable budget surplus in a year when all 201 members of the Minnesota legislature are up for election. European nations increased use of renewable sources has been supported by public policies. @ByJohnFrank. Mark Dayton, who has greatly scaled back his top budget priorities, including universal preschool for Minnesota four-year-olds. Understand the most important US government environmental policies. in their interactions with government are at a competitive disadvantage. Discuss the key influencers of public policy and why public policymaking does not always serve the public interest. Portland, Oregon, was named the Greenest City in the nation in 2008.“America's 50 Greenest Cities,” Popular Science, February 8, 2008, But Democrats, who have been asking for a college-affordability fix for years, say the GOP effort doesn’t do enough to help graduates currently paying back student loan debt. Dialogue has barely touched on spending priorities or revenue ideas; rather the stalemate comes from Gov. The challenges include quantifying all the benefits and identifying all the affected parties. Affected utilities were required to install systems that continuously monitored emissions of SO2, nitrogen oxides (NOx), and other related pollutants in order to track progress, ensure compliance, and provide credibility to the trading component of the program. Source: Barry G. Rabe, Race to the Top: The Expanding Role of U.S. State Renewable Portfolio Standard (Arlington, VA: Pew Center on Global Climate Change, 2006). U.S. Department of Commerce. Meanwhile, Nebraska Attorney General Doug Peterson and his counterpart in Oklahoma continued to pursue their lawsuit challenging Colorado over its marijuana legalization, which they claim has flooded their states with drugs. Dayton previously announced he wants to spend more than $300 million for state-paid preschool programs for 4-year-olds. The combination of low energy prices and increased environmental regulation has hit Wyoming’s fossil fuel-dependent economy, and promises to sap local and state revenue for the foreseeable future. The issue could take on particular prominence as lawmakers try to win voters in rural communities hoping for the new technology. This is now causing rising global temperatures and instability in our climate system (see Chapter 2 "The Science of Sustainability"). More changes could be headed toward Georgia’s popular scholarship program, Georgia politicians struggle with solutions for Atlanta’s gridlocked traffic. North Dakota has its first open governor’s race in 16 years, which has resulted in a contested race for the GOP nomination. And often, the influencing agents are more effective in blocking policy change than in having new policies adopted—as has been the case with comprehensive climate change policy at the US federal level and resistance from some large energy companies. Horror stories abound from commuters who need to endure traffic jams as they to travel into Honolulu from suburban neighborhoods in central and west Oahu. A large majority of US states have renewable portfolio standards (RPS) or the equivalent and these standards are helping to drive the demand for new renewable energy. While North Carolina is becoming increasingly urban, the legislature is still controlled by rural interests who tend to be Republican. Rauner’s ideas for growing the state’s economy often rely on proposals that would diminish unions’ power – including tying a property tax freeze to limits on collective bargaining at the local level. Table 3.3 Examples of RPS Legislation by State. This includes for promotional and educational efforts, to support specific activities that are relevant to members (such as clearing and preservation of hiking trails by the Appalachian Mountain Club), and to provide members with select benefits (such as access to cleared trails). The Reader covers a wide domain, including relevant issues in … @alexgangitano. In his State of the State speech in January, Republican Doug Ducey dared Arizona cities to adopt ordinances that he didn’t like. Should more money be invested in the traditional public schools? The state has begun trying to pay for roads through public-private partnerships. Businesses may also engage in indirect or grassroots lobbying by appealing to its own employees, stakeholdersAny person, group, or organization affected by an organization’s actions. She previously covered the Missouri legislature for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch and the Mississippi legislature for the Jackson Clarion-Ledger. Even with a Republican-controlled government, there is a lack of consensus on how to best address long-term solutions. Republican lawmakers and other critics contend the tolls, which will take more than a year to put in place, send an anti-business message. That would trigger an election-year special session. The state unemployment rate is higher than the national average, and declining oil prices have taken a toll on one of the largest employment sectors in the state. Here’s why: The money stems from Republican Gov. State laws can determine the market for wind and other renewable energy sources through laws, such as renewable portfolio standards (RPS; see the more detailed discussion that follows), that require state-level electrical energy production to include a certain percentage of energy from renewable sources.