over any parts of your body that could be exposed to liquid benzene. Canadian and US scientific peer reviewed publications that addressed benzene exposure in Canada and the United States. Benzene liquid is highly flammable. The American Cancer Society is a qualified 501(c)(3) tax-exempt organization. In the UK, the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) already publish OELs for a plethora of chemicals, including benzene, in a document known as EH406 Workplace Exposure Limits (WEL). Ion Science is registered trademark on Ion Science Ltd. Many blood disorders associated with benzene exposure may occur without symptoms. Accessed at http://monographs.iarc.fr/ENG/Monographs/vol100F/mono100F-24.pdf on October 15, 2015. Resource Centre 2013. ToxFAQs for Benzene. Ways in which benzene affects your health. A low white blood cell count, which can lower the body’s ability to fight infections and might even be life-threatening. ), Permissible Exposure Limit: Table Z-2 Acceptable maximum peak above the acceptable ceiling concentration for an 8-hour shift. (This standard applies to the industry segments exempt from the 1 ppm 8-hour TWA and 5 ppm STEL of the benzene standard at 1910.1028. Benzene can be measured in the blood or breath, and breakdown products of benzene can be measured in the urine. US Department of Health and Human Services. IARC classifies benzene as “carcinogenic to humans,” based on sufficient evidence that benzene causes acute myeloid leukemia (AML). 29 CFR 1910.1028(c) (USDOL); U.S. National Archives and Records Administration's Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Customer Support You must wear appropriate protective clothing (such as boots, gloves, sleeves, aprons, etc.) Redness and blisters may result from dermal exposure to benzene. In the past it was also commonly used as an industrial solvent (a substance that can dissolve or extract other substances) and as a gasoline additive, but these uses have been greatly reduced in recent decades. Concentration: 50 ppm. Learn more about these partnerships and how you too can join us in our mission to save lives, celebrate lives, and lead the fight for a world without cancer. Benzene is also a natural part of crude oil and gasoline (and therefore motor vehicle exhaust), as well as cigarette smoke. Public Health Service, National Toxicology Program. Home » Understanding occupational exposure limits for benzene. D. Swallowing. These results highlight industries with the most number of workers, as well as industries with the highest levels of exposure. By swallowing. In addition, you must wear a face shield if your face could be splashed with benzene liquid. Workplace exposure limits What is exposure? Sources of exposure to benzene . A low blood platelet count, which can lead to excess bruising and bleeding. It’s also important to follow recommended screening guidelines, which can help detect certain cancers early. NOTE: In many (but not all) Canadian jurisdictions, the exposure limits are … IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans. C. Eye and Face Protection. The short term exposure limit for airborne benzene is 5 ppm for 15 minutes. The EU-wide 8 hour TWA for benzene is currently set at 1 part per million (ppm), equivalent to a concentration of 3.25mg/m3. (For more information on the classification systems used by these agencies, see Known and Probable Human Carcinogens.). ION Science Ltd Volume 100F: A Review of Human Carcinogens: Chemical Agents and Related Occupations. Breathing in high doses of benzene can affect the nervous system, which can lead to drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, tremors, confusion, and/or unconsciousness. Occupational exposure to benzene. We’ve invested more than $4.9 billion in cancer research since 1946, all to find more – and better – treatments, uncover factors that may cause cancer, and improve cancer patients’ quality of life. The Hive, Butts Lane, Fowlmere US Environmental Protection Agency. (1) Exposure to benzene liquid or vapor can irritate the skin, eyes, and throat. Call for medical assistance or a doctor immediately. The are no valid measurements, but a hygienist identified this group as typically exposed during literature and other reviews; There are valid exposure measurements in the CWED and a hygienist review determined that exposure is plausible; AND EITHER: There are less than 10 samples available in the CWED, OR. Cancer.org is provided courtesy of the Leo and Gloria Rosen family. Final Rule. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) maintains the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS), an electronic database that contains information on human health effects from exposure to various substances in the environment. The main way people are exposed is by breathing in air containing benzene. If you are concerned about benzene, there are several ways you can limit your exposure. Royston, SG8 7SL, UK, Tel: +44 (0) 1763 208 503 However, the ECHA review shows that some member states have a significantly lower OEL value which probably indicates the ‘direction of travel’ for the OEL given that the World Health Organisation (WHO) says there is no safe level of exposure. When benzene exposure is examined by occupation, automotive service technicians and mechanics are the group with the greatest number of workers exposed to benzene (60,000). ), 29 CFR 1910.1000 (USDOL); U.S. National Archives and Records Administration's Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Benzene is among the 20 most widely used chemicals in the United States. B. Website: www.osha.gov Toll-free number: 1-800-321-6742 (1-800-321-OSHA) Benzene is known to cause cancer, based on evidence from studies in both people and lab animals. Accessed at www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxfaqs/tf.asp?id=38&tid=14 on October 15, 2015. These are health-based, non-binding values, derived from the most recent scientific data available and availability of measurement techniques. B. 2. Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. Benzene is highly volatile, and most exposure is through inhalation. For short-term exposure to high levels of benzene, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends getting away from the source of benzene, removing any clothing that may have benzene on it, washing exposed areas with soap and water, and getting medical care as soon as possible. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. When the monitoring procedure is taking place in an area where respirators or personal protective clothing and equipment are required to be worn, you or your representative must also be provided with, and must wear the protective clothing and equipment. Cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke are important sources of exposure to benzene. If benzene is splashed in your eyes, wash it out immediately with large amounts of water. If you or any other person breathes in large amounts of benzene, get the exposed person to fresh air at once. (A substance that causes cancer or helps cancer grow is called a carcinogen.) If needed, the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) can provide more information or make an inspection. People can also be exposed to benzene in contaminated drinking water and some foods (although the levels are usually very low).