And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings, &c.— This is a very emphatical expression, and shews the implacable hatred which Saul bore to the Christian profession; and it must have increased his rage to hear, that those whom he had been instrumental in driving from Jerusalem, were so successful in spreading that religion which he was so eager to root out. Acts 8:3 As for Saul, he made havock of the church, entering into every house, and haling men and women committed them to prison. Luke setteth down in this place a noble history, and a history full well worthy to be remembered, concerning the conversion of Paul; after what sort the Lord did not only bring him under, and make him subject to his commandment, when he raged like an untamed beast but also how he made him another and a new man. Bengel's note on the word "yet" bristly expresses the true state of the case-`Thus, in the utmost fervour of sinning, was he laid hold of and converted.' Went unto the high priest. In this way his conversion, sudden as it seemed at last, had been long prepared. See Acts 8:3. First of all, Paul himself tells us what we are meant to learn from his conversion. And Saul - See the notes on Acts 7:58; Acts 8:3. So ἔθʼ αἱματόεντος ἀναπνείων ὀρυμαγδοῦ, Q. Calaber, xiv. The narrative is taken up from ch. "Commentary on Acts 9:1". is again in danger of his life, and is sent to Tarsus. The high priest did it as president of that council. We are now to see in our following history the culmination and close of that leadership. Stobæus, Flor., 85, 19, ὀδμῆς ἐμπνέοντα, L. and S. and Blass, in loco (cf. Ananias discharged his commission with lovely tenderness and power. 1863-1878. It is not certainly known just who ruled Damascus during that period, but the eclipse of Roman authority for a time is proved by the fact that no coins with the image of Caligula or Claudius have been discovered there, whereas there have been found many with the image of Augustus or Tiberius who preceded them, and many with the images of emperors who succeeded them, thus leaving a gap, viewed by Wiesler as proof that during those two reigns Rome had no authority in Damascus. II. Commentary on Acts 9:1-6 [7-20] View Bible Text . "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". Threatenings and slaughter— ”Menace and murder” it is expressively rendered by Dr. Hackett, but with an alliterative point not contained in the original. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/acts-9.html. 1828. This story of Saul’s encounter with the risen Jesus on the way to Damascus was clearly a favorite of Luke, since he tells it three times in Acts (see Acts 22:6 -16; 26:12- 18). LXX. But the sense would thus be flat; and there seems to be no need for pressing the sense of the compound verb. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/acts-9.html. Euripides has the same expression: “Breathing out fire and slaughter.” So Theocritus: “They came unto the assembly breathing mutual slaughter” (Idyll. These massacres took place during the Jewish wars prior to A.D. 70. 1897. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/acts-9.html.  F. F. Bruce, The Book of Acts (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Wm. It denotes also “intense activity and energy in persecution.”. Psalm 27:12 Deliver me not over unto the will of mine enemies: for false witnesses are risen up against me, and such as breathe out cruelty. And how frequently he speaks of his fierce countrymen as, μενεα πνειοντες Αχαιοι, the Greeks breathing strength, see Il. come near, visit, or worship, assent to. The high priest— Probably Theophilus, the son of Annas. No wonder that the lessons burned in on him in that hour of destiny became the centre-point of all his future teaching! The received text has probably been filled out by additions from Paul’s own account in Acts 26:1 - Acts 26:32 First came the blaze of light outshining the midday sun, even in that land where its beams are like swords. When as he saith, that he breathed out threatenings and slaughter as yet, his meaning is, that after that his hands were once imbued with innocent blood, he proceeded in like cruelty, and was always a furious and bloody enemy to the Church, after that he had once made that entrance (569) whereof mention is made in the death of Stephen. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/acts-9.html. It has been suggested that the zeal which Saul shewed at the time of Stephen’s death led to his election into the Sanhedrin, and so he took a judicial part in the later stages of the persecution, and, it may be from a desire to justify the choice of those who had placed him in authority, he sought to be appointed over the enquiry after the Christians in Damascus. "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". There are several disputes concerning the time of this transaction. Saul: A Change of Plans. As the great change in the life of Saul is now recorded, it is proper to state what can be known of him before his conversion. ἐμπνέων, προσελθών] As σοὶ πιστεύσας, μεταναστάς, Œd. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. The supernatural is too closely intertwined with the story to be taken out of it without reducing it to tatters. "Commentary on Acts 9:1". The extension of the persectution was his own thought. 8. ἐμπνέων] Meyer charges the ordinary interpretation, ‘breathing,’ i.e. Went unto the high priest - See the notes on Matthew 2:4. Men of great talents, superior religious advantages, and extensive learning, may be so opposed to Jesus Christ as to wish to destroy all, both men and women, who believe in him. Acts 9:1-9 - NIV: Meanwhile, Saul was still breathing out murderous threats against the Lord’s disciples. From this latter place it seems that he had been concerned in putting many of them to death. BibliographyWesley, John. (Acts 9:1-2). 508; xxiv. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". New York, USA. He was not persecuting Christians to "prove" to people that he was a faithful Jew, and he was not merely trying to "look good" in the eyes of the Sanhedrin. See Acts 4:17. slaughter = murder. What does Acts chapter 9 mean? "Commentary on Acts 9:1". For Luke puts off until then, as is the wont of Scripture, the narration of many details concerning the whole matter, and concerning the words of Ananias (Acts 22:12-16).— τῷ ἀρχιερεῖ, unto the High Priest) His authority influenced the Jews even at Damascus: Acts 9:14. The figure is a favourite one with Homer: hence μενεα πνειοντες Αβαντες, the Abantes breathing strength. It was a journey of some five or six days.